Vienna Symphony Orchestra In-depth Biography
The Vienna Symphony Orchestra} was founded in 1900 and consolidated in 1921 from the ranks of another Viennese orchestra. The group's first permanent conductor was Ferdinand Löwe}, a noted pupil of Anton Bruckner} who conducted the premiere of Bruckner}'s Symphony No. 9}. He led the orchestra for its first 24 years.
Although it never aspired to the reputation of the Vienna Philharmonic}, the Vienna Symphony}'s guest conductors during the early twentieth century included many names more commonly associated with the better known orchestra, among them Felix Weingartner}, Gustav Mahler}, Bruno Walter}, Richard Strauss}, and Arnold Schoenberg}.
The Vienna Symphony} was taken over by the city of Vienna in 1938 as a municipal orchestra. After World War II, with the resumption of artistic life in Vienna, the orchestra came under the direction of Herbert von Karajan}, who was kept from working with the more prestigious Philharmonic} by his rival Wilhelm Furtwängler}.
The Vienna Symphony} also became the orchestra of choice for early recordings by such noted conductors as Otto Klemperer} and Jascha Horenstein}, and also served as host to such figures as Ferenc Fricsay} and even Karl Böhm}, who recorded Richard Strauss'} Daphne}, a notably beautiful though little known opera}, the premiere of which he had conducted with the orchestra in the 1930s. ~ Bruce Eder, All Music Guide