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Vincenzo Bellini Biography

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Vincenzo Bellini In-depth Biography

It is an irony that the three great composers of Italian bel canto operas each had such relatively brief careers -- Rossini} due to his early retirement and Donizetti} and Bellini} due to premature death. Bellini} was a Sicilian, from Catania, where his father and grandfather had both heen organists at the cathedral. He was taught by his grandfather and then entered the Naples conservatory at the age of 18, completing two Masses while studying there.

That conservatory had a custom of introducing a promising graduating student to the public by having him compose a dramatic work, then staging it. Bellini} was chosen in 1825. The resulting opera, Adelson e Salvani} was staged with an all-male cast. It was so successful that a leading impressario immediately engaged Bellini} to write an opera for him (Bianca e Gernando}).

Bellini} was a slower worker than either Donizetti} or Rossini}. His fame rests on the best of just ten operas that he managed to write in his short life in a composing career of only ten years. One of his best moves was the establishment of a partnership with librettist Felice Romani}, who wrote the words for eight of the operas (including the second version of Bianca e Gernando}, renamed to Bianca e Fernando}).

Compositional mastery came quickly, and Bellini} was able to make a good living completely on his operatic commissions. He was especially notable for being able to express a wide range of emotions by means of his flowing lyricism. Huge acclaim and productions throughout the length of Italy were his. In 1833 he was engaged to conduct some of his operas in London. On the way he began negotiations in Paris for productions to be done there. This took a long time and caused him much frustration and long time. Ultimately, only one opera emerged from this effort, I Puritani}, which was premiered in Paris early in 1835. The great acclaim he received (including appointment as a Chevalier of the Legion d'honneur) convinced him that his best future lay there. He thought up several proposed operatic projects but again negotiations were fruitless and frustrating.

For a few years Bellini} had been subject to debilitating gastro-intestinal attacks. He was struck with another at the end of August. He retired to a suburban Parisian house. Because it was feared he might have cholera, he was kept in isolation. He died on September 23, 1835. The autopsy showed that he died from an accute inflammation of the large intestine, complicated by a liver abcess.

His catalog consists of the ten operas, a collection of sacred choral music composed before he graduated from conservatory, some other vocal music and a few instrumental pieces, including a worthwhile oboe concerto. ~ Joe Stevenson


Mass in a minor

Three sinfonias

Adelson e Salvini (two versions, 1825 & 1826)

Bianca e Gernando (1826), rev., as Bianca e Gernando (1828)

I pirata (1827)

La straniera (1829)

Concerto for oboe and orchestra in E flat (1829)

Ariette da camera (six arias) (1829)

Zaira (1829)

I Capuleti ed I Montecci (1830)

La Sonnambula (1831)

Norma (1831)

Beatrice di Tenda (1833)

I Puritani (1835), All Music Guide

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