Newcastle have a large fanbase and the 2nd highest average attendance in England. Newcastle's supporters are considered to be a passionate set of fans. They are often referred to as the "Toon Army" or the "Geordies". The name Toon originates from the geordie pronunciation of town. It is not known for sure where exactly the term Geordie comes from. It may originate from the Geordie lamps, which were miner's lamps developed by George Stephenson in 1815. However it has also been claimed that in 1745, George II recruited many troops from around the Newcastle area. They were known as "George's men", which became "Geordies men" in the local dialect, hence Geordies.
The club is based in the centre of Newcastle upon Tyne and is the only major club in the city. In recent times, where other clubs have attracted fanbases from all around the world, Newcastle's fanbase is still mostly within Britain, with a percentage from other parts of the world, particularly Scandinavia, North America and Australia.
Like all major English football clubs, Newcastle has a number of domestic supporters' clubs. The club's supporters publish fanzines such as True Faith and The Mag. In addition to the usual English football chants, Newcastle's supporters sing the traditional Tyneside song "Blaydon Races". Mark Knopfler's guitar classic "Going Home" from the soundtrack to Local Hero is also used before kick-off at Newcastle's home matches.However this is not the case for the 07/08 season where Spandeau Ballet 'Gold' has replaced it.
Newcastle's longest-running and deepest rivalry is with their nearest major neighbour, Sunderland, colloquially known as "The Mackems", a term used by Newcastle and Sunderland residents alike. Matches between the two are referred to as the Tyne-Wear derby. Newcastle also have a smaller rivalry with Middlesbrough, with whom they contest the Tyne-Tees derby. It is believed that Middlesbrough's supporters consider the rivalry to be more intense than Newcastle supporters.